Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.
Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), and they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
According to health statistics, there are well over 400 million people globally who are suffering diabetes. Some of these people know it, and others don't.
One of the most likely killers of sick people is ignorance. It's always better to be aware than not, because that leaves you with the opportunity of getting a cure.
If you experience any of these signs, you are advised to see your doctor, as they are considered early signs of diabetes.
NEED TO URINATE MORE OFTEN
When the kidneys can't deal with excessive glucose, they allow it to go into the urine. Glucose drags water from the cells that lead to more frequent urination.
Feeling thirsty is OK, especially after vigorous workout or in a hot environment, but inexplicable extreme thirst may be a sign of diabetes. It occurs because the body tries to replenish fluid, lost with urine.
As body cells don't attain energy fuel, they can't perform their function as required. This often results in long-lasting causeless fatigue.
Lack of energy activates compensatory mechanism that makes you feel hungry all the time.
WEIGHT LOSS WITHOUT TRYING
Despite increased hunger, people with diabetes lose weight rapidly. The reason is that the body starts to break down proteins from your muscles in order to get some energy.
In addition to this, kidneys work hard to remove excessive sugar and use many calories to do this.
If blood glucose stays elevated for a long time, it can change the shape of the lens and cause blurry vision. Once sugar levels are normalized, your vision becomes normal.
IMPAIRED HEALING PROCESSES
Poor circulation, associated with diabetes, delays healing processes after cuts, bruises and infection.
Diabetes can significantly suppress your immune system, boosting your risks for vaginal yeast infection and oral thrush.
Dark patches that appear in the skin folds, armpits and groin are called acanthosis nigricans and are one of the early signs of diabetes.
PAINS THAT FEEL LIKE PINS AND NEEDLESS
Tingling, pain and numbness in the hands and feet may occur because of nerve damage related to diabetes progression.